= m
= eV
= Hz


Specialising in custom-designed, precision scientific instruments, built, programmed and calibrated to the most exacting standards. The range includes precision dataloging barographs, with built-in statistical analysis, Barographic Transient Event Recorders and computer-interfaced detectors and sensors for environmental monitoring & process control.

A site dedicated to scientific techniques, experimental methods, & investigative tools for the inventor, researcher and laboratory pioneer. Articles on glassblowing, electronics, metalcasting, magnetic measurements with new material added continually. Check it out!


click on any item in the list for its wikipedia entry if available.

UV Light
Beer's Law
Diode Array
Deuterium Discharge Lamp
Low Pressure Zinc Discharge Lamp
High Pressure Mercury Discharge Lamp
Low Pressure Cadmium Lamp
Tungsten Halogen Lamp
Lens and Window Material in Spectrometers
Fluorescence Reagents
Diffraction Grating
Fourier Transform IR Spectrometer
Halide Disks
Mull Samples
Film Samples for IR Spectroscopy
Light Pipes
Attenuated Total Reflectance Spectroscopy
Multiple Internal Reflectance
External Reflectance
Specular Reflectance
Diffuse Reflectance
Photoacoustic Spectroscopy
Beam Splitter
Raman Scattering
Rayleigh Scattering
Raman Spectroscopy
Atomic Spectroscopy
Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
The Inductively Coupled Plasma Torch
The Helium Plasma Torch
Emission Spectrometer
Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometer
Flame AA
Hollow Cathode Lamp
Electrothermal Atomization
Graphite Furnace
L’vov Platform
Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
Zeeman Effect
Continuous Wave
Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
Pulsed EPR
Electron Spin Echo
Multple Resonance Spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Nucleus Spin Decoupling in NMR
Superconducting Magnets
NMR Microcells
Electron Impact Ionisation
Chemical Ionization
Inductively Coupled Plasma Ionization
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
Fast Atom Bombardment
Plasma Desorption Mass Spectrometry
Laser Desorption Mass Spectrometry
Matrix Assisted Desorption mass Spectrometry
Field Desorption Ionization
Thermospray Ionization
Electrospray Ionization
Atmospheric Pressure Ionization
Particle Beam Interface
Permeable Membrane Interface
Sector Mass Spectrometer
Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer
Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer
Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer
Optical RotationCircular Dichroism
Circularly Polarized Light
Verdet Constant
Faraday Effect


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4. R. P. W. Scott, C. G. Scott, M. Munroe and J. Hess. Jr., The Poisoned
Patient: The Role of the Laboratory, Elsevier, New York (1974)395.
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14. R. D. Voyksner, J. T. Bussey and J. W. Hines, J. Chromatogr., 323(1985)383.

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23. M. Kohler and J. A. Leary, 67(19)(1995)3508.

24. R. B. van Breeman, Anal. Chem.,

25. G. Neubauer and R. Anderegg, Anal. Chem.,66(7)(1994)1056.

26. J. F. Banks, S. Shen, C. M. Whitehouse and J. B. Fenn, Anal. Chem.,
27. M. Yamashita and J. B. Fenn, J. Phys. Chem., 88(1984)4671.
28. Y. Hua, W. Lu, M. S. Henry, R. H. Pierce and R. B. Cole, Anal. Chem., 67(11)(1996)1815.
29. B. Thomson, Tom Covey, B. Shushanm M. Allen, and Takeo Sakuma, Perkin Elmer Corporation, Private Communication.
30. J. Cai and J. Henion, Anal. Chem.,

31. E. C. Huang, T. Wachs, J. J. Conby and J. D. Henion, Anal. Chem.,62(13)(1990)713A.

32. S. A. Pergantis, E. M. Heithmar and T. A. Hinners, Anal. Chem.,67(24)(1995)4530.

33. S. C. K. Schum and R. S. Houk, Anal. Chem., 65(21)(1993)2972.

34. M. J. Powell, D. W. Boomer and D. R. Wiederin, Anal. Chem.,
35. L. Rottman and K. G. Heumann, Anal. Chem., 66(21)(1994)3709.

36. S. A. Pergantis, E. M. Heithmar and T. Hinners, Anal. Chem.,
37. R. C. Willoughby, and R. F. Browner, Anal. Chem., 56(1984)2626.

38. P. C. Winkler, D. D. Perkins, W. K. Wilner and R. F. Browner, Anal. Chem.,
39. R. F. Browner, A. W. Boorn and D. D. Smith, Anal. Chem., 54(1982)1411.

40. W. C. Hinds, Aerosol Technology, Wiley-Interscience, New York, (1982).
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42. A. Cappiello and F. Bruner, Anal. Chem., 65(9)(1993)1281.
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Further Resources:
1. J. J. Thompson, Rays of Positive Electricity, Longmans, Green and Co. London(1913)
2. F. W. Aston,, Phyl. Mag.,38(1919)707

3. A. J. Dempster Phys. Rev,11(1918)316.

4. S. Udenfriend, Fluorescence Assay in Biology and Medicine, Academeic Press, New York(1962).
5. A. T. Rhys Williams. Fluoresence Detection in Liquid Chromatography, Perkin
Elmer Corporation, Beaconsfield, England (1980).
6. R. T. Conley, Inrfrared Spectroscopy, Allyn and Bacon Inc., Boston,(1972).

7. N. L. Alpert, IR; Theory and Practice of Infrared Spectroscopy, (1973).

8. D. Welti, InfraredVapor Spectra, Heyden and Sons, New York (1970).

9. B. Stuart, Modern Infrared Spectroscopy, John Wiley, Chichester(1996)

9a. D. A. Long, Raman Spectroscopy, McGraw Hill, New York(1977).

10. C. N. Banwell and M. McCash, Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy,
McGraw-Hill, New York(1994).
11. W. W. Paudler, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Allyn and Bacon Inc., Boston

Practical Organic Mass Spectrometry, J. R. Chapman (Ed.) John Wiley,Chichester


About the Author
RAYMOND PETER WILLIAM SCOTT was born on June 20 1924 in Erith, Kent, UK. He studied at the University of London, obtaining his B.Sc. degree in 1946 and his D.Sc. degree in 1960. After spending more than a decade at Benzole Producers, Ltd. Where he became head of the Physical Chemistry Laboratory, he moved to Unilever Research Laboratories as Manager of their Physical Chemistry department. In 1969 he became Director of Physical Chemistry at Hoffmann-La Roche, Nutley, NJ, U.S.A. and subsequently accepted the position of Director of the Applied Research Department at the Perkin-Elmer Corporation, Norwalk, CT, U.S.A.
In 1986 he became an independent consultant and was appointed Visiting Professor at Georgetown
University, Washington, DC, U.S.A. and at Berkbeck College of the University of London; in 1986 he retired but continues to write technical books dealing with various aspects of physical chemistry and physical chemical techniques. Dr. Scott has authored or co-authored over 200 peer reviewed scientific papers and authored, co-authored or edited over thirty books on various aspects of physical and analytical chemistry. Dr. Scott was a founding member of the British chromatography Society and received the American Chemical society Award in chromatography (1977), the M. S. Tswett chromatography Medal (1978), the Tswett chromatography Medal U.S.S.R., (1979), the A. J. P. Martin chromatography Award (1982) and the Royal Society of Chemistry Award in Analysis and Instrumentation (1988).
Dr. Scott’s activities in gas chromatography started at the inception of the technique, inventing the Heat of Combustion Detector (the precursor of the Flame Ionization Detector), pioneered work on high sensitivity detectors, high efficiency columns and presented fundamental treatments of the relationship between the theory and practice of the technique. He established the viability of the moving bed continuous preparative gas chromatography, examined both theoretically and experimentally those factors that controlled dispersion in packed beds and helped establish the gas chromatograph as a process monitoring instrument. Dr. Scott took and active part in the renaissance of liquid chromatography, was involved in the development of high performance liquid chromatography and invented the wire transport detector. He invented the liquid chromatography mass spectrometry transport interface, introduced micro-bore liquid chromatography columns and used them to provide columns of 750,000 theoretical plates and liquid chromatography separations in less than a second. Dr. Scott has always been a “hands-on” scientist with a remarkable record of accomplishments in chromatography ranging from hardware design to the development of fundamental theory. He has never shied away from questioning “conventional wisdom” and his original approach to problems has often produced significant breakthroughs.

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